What Causes Adult Acne?
Regardless of age, acne is a condition of the sebaceous glands. These glands are attached to hair follicles and produce an oily substance called sebum. An acne lesion forms when a hair follicle becomes plugged with sebum and dead cells. The pathogenic (disease-causing) events in the sebaceous glands are believed to be due in large degree to changes in levels of androgenic (male) hormones in the body—a circumstance usually associated with the growth and development that occurs between the ages of 12 and 21. Therefore, it is important to look for an underlying cause of acne that occurs for the first time in adulthood.
Acne that appears after 25 to 30 years of age occurs for one of these reasons:
1. Recurrence of acne that freed up after adolescence
2. Flare-up of acne later a period of relative quiet—for example, during fertility
3. Occurs for the first time in a body who had never previously had acne.
Acne that appears for the first time in adulthood should be checked by a dermatologist who can examine the underlying cause. Some causes of adult acne are:
* Medication. Some medicines that can induce acne include anabolic steroids (sometimes used illegally by athletes to “bulk up”), some antiepileptic medications, the antituberculosis drugs isoniazid and rifampin, lithium, and iodine-containing medications.
* Chronic physical pressure on the skin. Chafing from the straps of a backpack or tucking a violin between the jaw and chin can cause chronic physical pressure on the skin and may induce a condition known as acne mechanica.
* Chlorinated industrial chemicals. These may induce the occupational skin disorder known as chloracne.
* Metabolic conditions. Changes in the hormonal balance, such as those brought about by pregnancy, menstruation or hormonal abnormalities can induce acne.
It’s also essential to know that some lesions which look like acne usually are not acne in any respect. Operates and skin situation that resembles zits is folliculitis, which happens when the hair follicles develop into contaminated and infected. Folliculitis requires completely different therapy than zits.
Zits that happens in maturity could also be tough to deal with if there are a number of recurrences. Some sufferers with extreme recurrent zits have undergone repeated programs of therapy with the potent systemic drug isotretinoin.
Since grownup zits could also be tough to deal with, zits that seems for the primary time in maturity ought to be examined and handled by a dermatologist.